Dimensions of Diamonds
The first question that comes to mind when we hear the word 4cs of diamond that, what actually it is? There are very few people who can judge the exact quality of this precious stone. We do not deal regularly with diamonds. But whenever you choose a piece of this stone, you must keep in your mind the 4cs of diamond. The 4cs are Cut, Clarity, Colour and Carat.
Of all the 4Cs, cut has the greatest effect on a diamond’s beauty. In determining the quality of the cut, the grader evaluates the cutter’s skill in the fashioning of the diamond. The more precise the cut, the more captivating the diamond is to the eye. The cut of a diamond refers to how well the diamond’s facets interact with light, the proportions of the diamond, and the overall finish of the diamond. It is not to be confused with the shape or facet arrangement, but is instead a reference to the craftsmanship of the diamond and how it factors into the diamond’s brilliance.
Colour Gem-quality diamonds occur in many hues. In the range from colourless to light yellow or light brown, colourless diamonds are the rarest. Other natural colours (blue, red, pink for example) are known as "fancy," and their colour grading is different than from white colourless diamonds. Though pure white diamonds continue to reign supreme as a traditional symbol of glamour and glittering loveliness, coloured diamonds are becoming more fashion forward. From sunny canary yellow stones to rich chocolate gems to dramatic black diamonds, coloured diamonds are stylish, sophisticated and unique. Known in gemmology as “fancy” diamonds, demand for pieces made from these classy coloured stones has grown dramatically in the past few years.
Clarity is the state of being clear or transparent. Diamond clarity is the presence or absence of characteristics called inclusions in the diamond. When grading the clarity of a diamond, the lab determines the relative visibility of the inclusions in a diamond and their impact on the overall visual appearance. Diamonds can have internal characteristics known as inclusions or external characteristics known as blemishes. Diamonds without inclusions or blemishes are rare; however, most characteristics can only be seen with magnification.
The carat is the diamond’s physical weight measured in metric carats. One carat equals 1/5 gram and is subdivided into 100 points. Carat weight is the most objective of the 4Cs. Carat is the unit of measurement for the physical weight of diamonds. One carat equals 0.200 grams or 1/5 gram and is subdivided into 100 points.
Do not forget the 5th C while buying diamonds. That is Confidence. When you shop smart, it is rare that you can be fooled. Keep in mind while buying diamonds that always go to a shop which are the regular dealers of the stone. Buy and wear a diamond confidently. A quality diamond is a great asset to have. If you wear it, you will stand apart. That is for sure.